Responsible for the Organization and Implementation of the Deportations – The Perpetrators

Responsible for the Organization and Implementation of the Deportations – The Perpetrators

In Hamburg, a multitude of authorities and organizations were actively involved in the organization and implementation of the deportations in the name of the National Socialist regime. Responsible for the actual implementation was a close cooperation between Gestapo, the regular police, the central revenue department, and the Reich Railway.

The main force in the deportation of the Roma and Sinti was the Criminal Investigations Department, which cooperated closely with the social administration, the Reich Criminal Investigations Bureau and the “Research Center for Racial Hygiene,” the public health offices, local courts and the Hamburg court enforcement officers. It is unknown whether members of the institutions mentioned here defied any orders to carry out deportations, or whether they resisted in other ways. Information about these people is often sparse. After the war, some escaped by committing suicide or by fleeing their responsibility, others received – mostly minor – prison sentences, and many were acquitted or remained untouched.

The exemplary selection of biographical sketches of perpetrators gives an impression of their diverse backgrounds and motives, as well as their diverse roles and degrees of participation in the mass murder of Jews, Roma and Sinti.

Kurt Ferdinand Hugo Krause, 1888-1954Wilhelm Gustav Paul Everding, 1890-1965Claus GöttscheKarl Kaufmann